Self-help groups boost women’s value, addressing a root cause of trafficking – Through self-help groups, women learn to read and write, to save and access loans, and to increase family income through income generating activities. As men see how these benefits improve the overall well-being of the family, they recognise the value of women and girls. Women become empowered by their increased sense of self-worth, as well as by their increased value in the eyes of others, including their husbands.
Poor and marginalised gain improved access to government entitlements and social welfare schemes – Many organisations have disseminated information and enabled poor communities to access various government programmes that provide housing benefits and employment opportunities. Most remote and marginalised communities did not know about the entitlements available to them through such schemes. With these programmes, implementers have been able to link the unemployed to government provisions and thus stave the migration of labourers in search of work By preventing migration, these programmes decrease communities’ vulnerability to trafficking.
Lack of economic opportunity – The severe lack of economic opportunity in regions with the greatest poverty continues to leave men, women and children vulnerable to trafficking, slavery and exploitation.
Traditional mindsets can encumber effective education against trafficking – Impoverished communities have long sent children off to work instead of to school, and have viewed female children as burdens to be rid of. Changing long-standing cultural practices and attitudes takes time and sustained intervention. Change will only occur as members see the practical benefits of both education and the economic and social empowerment of women.
Threat of powerful trafficking networks – Many implementers are working in communities to advocate for increased prosecution, enforcement and vigilance against traffickers. Many traffickers, however, have well established, powerful networks in these areas to prevent proper access to justice for the victims of trafficking. Implementers have to work under the threat of these networks to ensure justice and protection for victims.